Lesson 3:- What is Pronoun and its types ?

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pronoun and its kind

Pronoun

Pronoun is a word which is used in place of noun.

pronoun एक ऐसा वर्ड है जो noun की जगह पर इस्तेमाल करते है.

or

pronouns are used in place of nouns. The purpose of pronouns is to avoid repetition and make sentences easier to understand.

संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयुक्त होने वाले शब्द को सर्वनाम कहते है|
जैसे- वह, वे, मैं, आप, इत्यादि|

Example

  • Ram is going to Delhi. ( He is going to Delhi)
  •  “He” is a pronoun which is used in place of noun (Ram)

Example :

  • राम दिल्ली जाता है. ( वह दिल्ली जाता है। )
  • यहाँ पर ‘ वह ‘ एक pronoun है जो की राम (noun ) की जगह इस्तेमाल हुआ है |

# pronoun and its types

TYPES OF PRONOUNS

  1. Personal pronoun (व्यक्तिवाचक सर्वनाम)
  2. Relative pronoun (संबंधवाचक सर्वनाम)
  3. Interrogative pronoun (प्रश्नवाचक सर्वनाम)
  4. Demonstrative pronoun (संकेतवाचक सर्वनाम)
  5. Distributive pronoun (व्यस्टिवाचक सर्वनाम) 
  6. Indefinite pronoun (अनिश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम) 
  7. Reflexive pronoun (निजवाचक सर्वनाम)
  8. Intensive pronoun (बलदायक सर्वनाम)
  9. Reciprocal pronoun (परस्परबोधक सर्वनाम)

 1)  Personal pronouns ( # Types of Pronoun )

Personal pronouns refer to a specific person or thing. Their form changes to indicate a person, number, gender, or case.

or

I, we, you, he, she, it और they को Personal Pronouns कहा जाता हैं।

Examples

  • I read a book.
  • We are going to market.

ऊपर दिए गए Examples में I और We, Personal Pronouns हैं।

  1. Subjective personal pronouns are pronouns that act as the subject of a sentence. If you are learning English as a second language, remember that the subjective personal pronouns are Iyousheheityou, and they. example: 
    • I walked directly to the party.”
    • You showed up late; she was annoyed.”
    • He thought you had forgotten; we know you were just behind.”
  2. Objective personal pronouns are pronouns that act as the object of a sentence. If you are learning English as a second language, remember that the objective personal pronouns are meyouherhimitusyou, and them. example:
    • “The police officer told my brother and me to slow down.”
    • “He pointed to the pedestrians and said to be careful of them.”
    • “The police officer said there are a lot of speedy motorists like us.”
  3. Possessive personal pronouns are pronouns that show possession. They define a person (or a number of people) who owns a particular object. If you are learning English as a second language, remember that the possessive personal pronouns are mine, yours, hers, his, its, ours, and theirs. example:
    • “Is this book yours or his?”
    • “All the books are mine.”
    • “Nobody’s house has as many books as theirs, not even ours.”

2)  Relative pronouns ( # Types of Pronoun )

Relative pronouns are used to link one phrase or clause to another phrase or clause. The relative pronouns are whowhomthat, and which. example:

  • Whoever added the bill made a mistake.”
  • “The bill, which included all our meals, was larger than expected.”
  • “The waiter who served us doesn’t know how to add.”

or

Relative Pronoun वाक्य में अपने से पहले प्रयुक्त किसी Noun/Pronoun के बदले में आकर उस Noun/Pronoun की पुनरुक्ति को रोकता हैं।

3)  Interrogative pronouns ( # Types of Pronoun )

Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. The interrogative pronouns are whowhomwhich, and what. If you are learning English as a second language, it is important to remember that who and whom are used to refer to people, while which is used to refer to things and animals. Who acts as the subject, while whom acts as the object. example:

  • Which is the best restaurant?”
  • What did he tell you?” 
  • Whom should we invite?”

or

जिस Pronoun का प्रयोग प्रश्न करने के लिए किया जाता हैं, उसे Interrogative Pronoun कहा जाता हैं।

4)  Demonstrative pronouns ( # Types of Pronoun )

Demonstrative pronouns point to and identify a noun or a pronoun. This and these refer to things that are nearby in space or time, while that and those refer to things that are farther away in space or further away in time. example:

  • This is the dress I will wear; that is the one I wore yesterday.”
  • That is not true.”
  • “Please pay for those.”

or

जिस Pronoun का प्रयोग वस्तुओं या व्यक्तियों को सूचित, इंगित या निर्देशित करने के लिए किया जाता हैं, Demonstrative Pronouns कहा जाता हैं।

5)  Distributive Pronoun ( # Types of Pronoun )

A Pronoun which distributes a group or a pair is called a Distributive Pronoun.

Each / Every / Either / Neither / Any one / None / etc. are Distributive pronouns.

Example:-

  • Each of these pens will be sold. 
  • None of the students can solve it, I shall be thankful to God.
  • Either of these students must have taken it. 
  • Neither of your friends will come.

or

जब each, either और neither का प्रयोग Pronoun के रूप में होता हैं, तब इन्हें Distributive Pronouns कहते हैं।

6)  Indefinite pronouns ( # Types of Pronoun )

Indefinite pronouns refer to an identifiable, but not specified, person or thing. An indefinite pronoun conveys the idea of all, any, none, or some. If you are learning English as a second language, remember the following common indefinite pronouns: all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, each, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody, and someone. example:

  • Everybody got lost on the way there.”
  • Somebody forgot to bring the map.”
  • “No wonder so few showed up.”

or

जिस Pronoun से किसी निश्चित व्यक्ति या वस्तु का बोध नहीं होता हैं, वह Indefinite Pronoun कहलाता हैं।

7)  Reflexive pronouns ( # Types of Pronoun )

A Pronoun which reflects the action towards the subject is called a Reflexive pronoun.

herself / ourselves / themselves / etc. are Reflexive pronouns.

Example:-

  • “She baked a cake for herself.”
  • “We decided to eat it ourselves.
  • “We heard her say, ‘They should be ashamed of themselves.’

or

जब वाक्य में myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself और themselves के प्रयोग से काम करने का असर खुद कर्त्ता पर पड़ना प्रतीत होता हैं, तब इन्हे Reflexive pronouns कहा जाता हैं। 

 
ऊपर दिए गए Examples में herself और ourselves, Reflexive Pronouns हैं। 
 

8)  Intensive pronouns

Intensive pronouns are used to emphasize their antecedent. Intensive pronouns are identical in form to reflexive pronouns. example:

  • “I myself find pronouns fascinating.”
  • “They themselves think everyone should know about pronouns.”
  • “You yourself should tell everyone how great pronouns are.”

or

जब myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, herself, himself, itself और themselves का प्रयोग वाक्य में किसी Noun या Pronoun पर जोर देने के लिए होता हैं, तब इन्हें Intensive pronouns कहा जाता हैं। 

9)  Reciprocal pronoun

It shows relation with one another / each other is called a Reciprocal pronoun.

Examples:-

  • All the enemies kill one another.
  • The two girls hate each other.

or

each other और one another को Reciprocal Pronouns कहते हैं।

RULE:-

  • Each other is used for two persons.
  • One another is used for more than two persons

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pronoun and its types

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