Frequently Asked Questions on Work and Energy

Write an expression for the work done when a force is acting on an object in the direction of its displacement.

When a force F displaces a body through a distance S within the direction of the applied force, then the work done W on the body is given by the expression: W = F × S

Define 1 J of work.

1 J is that the quantity of labor done by a force of one N on associate degree object that displaces it through a distance of one m within the direction of the applied force.

What is the kinetic energy of an object ?

The energy possessed by a body by the virtue of its motion is termed mechanical energy or kinetic energy. Every moving object possesses mechanical energy. A body uses mechanical energy to try to to work. Kinetic energy of hammer is employed in driving a nail into a log of wood, mechanical energy of air is employed to run wind mills, etc.

The potential energy of a freely falling object decreases progressively. Does this violate the law of conservation of energy? Why?

No. the method doesn’t violate the law of conservation of energy. This is because once the body falls from a height, then its mechanical energy changes into kinetic energy increasingly. A decrease within the mechanical energy is capable a rise in the kinetic energy of the body. Throughout the method, total energy of the body remains conserved. Therefore, the law of conservation of energy isn’t desecrated.

Does the transfer of energy take place when you push a huge rock with all your might and fail to move it? Where is the energy you spend going?

When we push a large rock, there’s no transfer of muscular energy to the stationary rock. Also, there’s no loss of energy as a result of muscular energy is transferred into energy, which causes our body to become hot.

A freely falling object eventually stops on reaching the ground. What happens to its kinetic energy?

When the object falls freely towards the bottom, its mechanical energy decreases and K.E. will increase, because the object touches the bottom, all its mechanical energy gets reborn into K.E. Because the object hits the laborious ground, all its K.E. gets reborn into heat and sound energy. It may also deform the bottom relying upon the character of the ground and therefore the quantity of K.E. possessed by the thing.

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